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  • Writer's pictureCharlotte Oakley

How does the Bank of England base rate impact my mortgage?

Updated: Dec 20, 2023

The Bank of England base rate plays a significant role in influencing mortgage interest rates in the United Kingdom. The base rate refers to the interest rate set by the Bank of England, which serves as a benchmark for other banks and lenders. Here's how it impacts your mortgage:



Standard Variable Rate (SVR): If you have a mortgage with a variable interest rate, such as a Standard Variable Rate (SVR) mortgage, the interest rate you pay is likely to be directly influenced by changes in the Bank of England base rate. Lenders typically adjust their SVR in response to changes in the base rate. If the base rate decreases, your mortgage interest rate may also go down, resulting in lower monthly payments. Conversely, if the base rate increases, your mortgage rate may rise, leading to higher monthly payments.


Tracker Mortgages: Tracker mortgages are directly linked to the Bank of England base rate. These mortgages usually have an interest rate that is a fixed percentage above or below the base rate. For example, if you have a tracker mortgage that tracks the base rate plus 1%, and the base rate is 1.5%, your mortgage rate would be 2.5%. When the base rate changes, the interest rate on your tracker mortgage will be adjusted accordingly, impacting your monthly payments.


Fixed-Rate Mortgages: If you have a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate is fixed for a predetermined period, typically ranging from 2 to 10 years. Changes in the Bank of England base rate do not directly affect your mortgage rate during the fixed-rate period. However, when your fixed-rate term ends, you may have the option to switch to a variable rate or negotiate a new fixed-rate term. At that point, the base rate will influence the available interest rates, and you may experience changes in your mortgage rate.

Individual lenders have some discretion in setting their mortgage rates, so the impact of base rate changes can vary slightly between lenders.


Other factors such as the economic climate, lender's funding costs, and individual creditworthiness can also influence mortgage rates. Therefore, while the Bank of England base rate is a crucial factor, it is not the sole determinant of mortgage rates.


Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up with your repayments.

There may be a fee for mortgage advice. The precise amount will depend upon your circumstances but will be agreed with you before proceeding.


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